Thursday, 2 March 2017

GK Questions on Holi

Q1.Holi is the main festival of
Q2.Holi is also known as
Q3.In which place the famous "Lath maar holi" is played ?
Q4.By which name Holi is known as in Orissa ?
Q5.The day when people throw scented powder and perfume at each other is known as
Q6.In South India, Holika Dahan is known as
Q7.In which hindu month, Holi is celebrated ?
Q8.Holi celebrates the beginning of the new season called ?
Q10.The earliest textual reference to the celebration of Holi is found in
Q11.In Holi, the bonfires are lit at night to signify the burning of
Q12.In the past, people used to make Holi colours from flowers. Which flower was used ?
Q13.Sikhs celebrate holi by showing their phycal strengh and power in
Q14.Prahalad, who escaped fire in which holika burnt , was the devotte of which God ?
Q15.In Bengal, Holi is known as
Q16.In Holika Dahan, the bonfires are lit in memory of the miraculous escape that young
Q17.Holi is celebrated on
 

Questions and Answers:

Q1.Holi is the main festival of
A. Hindus

Q2.Holi is also known as
A. Festival of colors

Q3.In which place the famous "Lath maar holi" is played ?
A. Barsana

Q4.By which name Holi is known as in Orissa ?
A. Dolajata

Q5.The day when people throw scented powder and perfume at each other is known as
A. Dhulendi

Q6.In South India, Holika Dahan is known as
A. Kama Dahanam

Q7.In which hindu month, Holi is celebrated ?
A. Phalguna

Q8.Holi celebrates the beginning of the new season called ?
A. Spring

Q10.The earliest textual reference to the celebration of Holi is found in
A. 7th century

Q11.In Holi, the bonfires are lit at night to signify the burning of
A. Holika

Q12.In the past, people used to make Holi colours from flowers. Which flower was used ?
A. Flame of the forest

Q13.Sikhs celebrate holi by showing their phycal strengh and power in
A. Hola Mohalla

Q14.Prahalad, who escaped fire in which holika burnt , was the devotte of which God ?
A. Vishnu

Q15.In Bengal, Holi is known as
A. Dol Jatra

Q16.In Holika Dahan, the bonfires are lit in memory of the miraculous escape that young
A. Prahlad

Q17.Holi is celebrated on
A. Full moon day



Holi Essay for grown ups

Holi is known as a festival of colours, fun and frolic. It is a festival of the Hindus. It usually comes in March. It is celebrated with gaiety in North India. Of late the South is also catching up with the North in celebrating this festival of colours.
There are different stories about the importance of the festival. It is said that at one stage a demon by name Tarakasura conquered all 'Lokas or worlds' including heaven and was teasing the 'Devas'. It became necessary for the Devas to pray to Lord Siva to bring forth a person who could conquer Taraka. But Lord Siva was in deep 'Tapas'. He was not showing any interest towards Parvati, who was devotedly serving him with a desire to marry. Then the 'Devas' requested 'Manmadha, the God of Love' to help them and disturb the 'Tapas' of Lord Siva. He shot his flower arrows at Lord Siva which disturbed his meditation. Lord Siva got angry and burnt 'Manmada' to ashes by opening his third eye. But the arrow had its effect and Siva had to love Parvati and Kartikeya was born, who later killed Tarakasura. The bonfire raisd on the festive occasion is to represent the 'Kamadahana' by Lord Siva.
Another story is about Prahlada who was a devotee of Lord Vishnu, a bitter enemy of Asuras. So Hiranya Kasipu, the father of Prahlada entrusts Prahlada to his sister Halika to burn the boy alive. But in that attempt Halika gets burnt and Prahlada is saved. The bonfire is said to be a symbol of Halika's death.
Some others connect the colour festival to Rasalila of Lord Krishna with Gopikas. Whatever may be the story behind Holi, the bonfire symbolises burning of evil for the sake of good. The Holi day is full of fun and frolic. All men and women, boys and girls and children join in the sprinkling of colours. Differences are forgotten. Enmity does not find a place. All are friends. Even old people join the fun. They use Abir and Gulal.
Till noon the singing and dancing go on with no restrictions whatsoever. Buckets of colour water are sprinkled. Youngsters play till they are completely drenched in colour. Even dignitaries like ministers including the Prime Minister and the President partake in the fun. Satire, irony and abuse are freely used with no offence. The mirth is over by noon. After a rich meal of special dishes people go to meet their friends and relations., The evening bonfires are lit in some places. During the previous night people dance around the fire and make merry.
It is not a festival of colours but also a festival of unity and friendship. All barriers like caste, creed, position, and language are forgotten and men and women join the fun.

Wednesday, 28 October 2015

Ahoi Ashtami Puja Vidhi | Ahoi Ashtami Vrat Vidhi


Ahoi Ashtami fasting is done about 8 days before Diwali on Krishna Paksha Ashtami. According to Purnimant calendar followed in North India it falls during the month of Kartik and according to Amanta calendar followed in Gujarat, Maharashtra and other southern states it falls during the month of Ashwin. However it is only name of the month which differs and the fasting of Ahoi Ashtami is done on the same day.

The fasting and Puja on Ahoi Ashtami is dedicated to Mata Ahoi or Goddess Ahoi. She is worshipped by women for the well-being and long life of their children. This day is also known as Ahoi Aathe because fasting for Ahoi Ashtami is done during Ashtami Tithi which is the eighth day of the lunar month.

On Ahoi Ashtami mothers hold a fast from dawn to dusk for the well-being of their sons. Fast is broken during twilight after sighting stars in the sky. In some regions women break the fast after sighting the moon but it might be difficult to follow as the moon rises late in the night on the day of Ahoi Ashtami.

We are providing simple Puja Vidhi which is traditionally followed by women folks in India during the day of Ahoi Ashtami –
Sankalp
On the day of fasting, after taking morning bath women should take the pledge, which is called Sankalp, to keep the fast for the wellbeing of their children. It is also recited during Sankalp that the fasting would be without any food or the water and the fast would be broken after sighting the stars or the moon according to their family tradition.


Puja Preparation
During Sayankal i.e. before the sunset, Puja preparations should be done. Women should draw the image of Goddess Ahoi on the wall. Any image of Ahoi Mata used for the Puja should have Ashtha Koshthak (अष्ठ कोष्ठक) i.e. eight corners due to the festival being associated with Ashtami Tithi. Along with Goddess Ahoi the images of Sei (सेई) (i.e. hedgehog and its children) should also be drawn near to the Goddess. Sei is a spiny mammal from the legend of Ahoi Ashtami. If drawing image on the wall is not feasible then big Wallpaper of Ahoi Ashtami Puja can also be used. Most Puja calendars also depict seven sons and daughter-in-laws from the legend of Ahoi Ashtami.

After that the place of worship is sanctified with holy water and Alpana is drawn. After spreading wheat on the floor or on the wooden stool, one water-filled Kalash should be kept at the place of worship. The mouth of the Kalash should be covered with an earthen lid.

A small earthen pot preferably Karwa is kept on the top of the Kalash. Karwa is filled with the water and covered with its lid. The nozzle of the Karwa is blocked with the shoots of the grass. The commonly used shoot is known as Sarai Seenka (सरई सींक) which is a type of willow. The seven shoots of the grass is also offered to Ahoi Mata and Sei during Puja. The shoot of Sarai is sold during the festival especially in the small towns of India. If shoot of the grass is not available then cotton buds can be used.

The food items which are used in Puja include 8 Puri, 8 Pua and Halwa. These food items are given to some elderly lady in the family or the Brahmin after adding some money.

Ahoi Mata Puja
The best time to perform Puja is during Sandhya time just after sunset. During Puja Ahoi Mata is worshipped with all rituals.

Usually women perform Ahoi Ashtami Puja along with the other female members of the family. During Puja women narrate the story of Ahoi Mata. There are several versions of Ahoi Ashtami legend but most of them describe how female devotee of Ahoi Mata got blessed by seven sons even after getting cursed for accidently killing the offsprings of Sei. Sei is also worshipped along with Ahoi Mata and seven grass shoots along with Halwa is offered to Sei.

In some communities, for the occasion of Ahoi Ashtami, Ahoi of silver is also made. Silver Ahoi is known as Syau (स्याउ) and worshipped with Akshata, Roli and the milk during the Puja. Later it is worn in the neck as a pendant with the help of a thread along with two silver pearls.

Aarti of Ahoi Ashtami is performed at the end of the Puja.

Stars or Moon worship
Women either give Argha to the stars or the moon depending on the family tradition before breaking the fast. The time when the stars get visible in the sky and the time of moonrise on Ahoi Ashtami can be checked at Ahoi Ashtami Puja Timings.

Both Karwa and Kalash are used for giving Argha to the stars or the moon after the Puja. The water of big Kalash is used during the morning bath of Roop Chaudas which is also known as Narak Chaturdashi.

Association with Krishnashtami
Women who have difficulties in conceiving, have miscarriage or don't have a boy child also perform Puja on the day of Ahoi Ashtami.


In this context, the day of Ahoi Ashtami is known as Krishnashtami. This day is very significant for those couples who don't have any children. On the very same day couples take dip in the Radha Kunda at Mathura, perform Puja and make offering of the Kushmanda. Devotees from far-flung places throng to Radha Kunda to take a holy dip in the sacred pond during Arunodaya i.e. just before the sunrise.


Karwa Chauth Vrat Katha (Hindi)


बहुत समय पहले इन्द्रप्रस्थपुर के एक शहर में वेदशर्मा नाम का एक ब्राह्मण रहता था। वेदशर्मा का विवाह लीलावती से हुआ था जिससे उसके सात महान पुत्र और वीरावती नाम की एक गुणवान पुत्री थी। क्योंकि सात भाईयों की वह केवल एक अकेली बहन थी जिसके कारण वह अपने माता-पिता के साथ-साथ अपने भाईयों की भी लाड़ली थी।

जब वह विवाह के लायक हो गयी तब उसकी शादी एक उचित ब्राह्मण युवक से हुई। शादी के बाद वीरावती जब अपने माता-पिता के यहाँ थी तब उसने अपनी भाभियों के साथ पति की लम्बी आयु के लिए करवा चौथ का व्रत रखा। करवा चौथ के व्रत के दौरान वीरावती को भूख सहन नहीं हुई और कमजोरी के कारण वह मूर्छित होकर जमीन पर गिर गई।

सभी भाईयों से उनकी प्यारी बहन की दयनीय स्थिति सहन नहीं हो पा रही थी। वे जानते थे वीरावती जो कि एक पतिव्रता नारी है चन्द्रमा के दर्शन किये बिना भोजन ग्रहण नहीं करेगी चाहे उसके प्राण ही क्यों ना निकल जायें। सभी भाईयों ने मिलकर एक योजना बनाई जिससे उनकी बहन भोजन ग्रहण कर ले। उनमें से एक भाई कुछ दूर वट के वृक्ष पर हाथ में छलनी और दीपक लेकर चढ़ गया। जब वीरावती मूर्छित अवस्था से जागी तो उसके बाकी सभी भाईयों ने उससे कहा कि चन्द्रोदय हो गया है और उसे छत पर चन्द्रमा के दर्शन कराने ले आये। वीरावती ने कुछ दूर वट के वृक्ष पर छलनी के पीछे दीपक को देख विश्वास कर लिया कि चन्द्रमा वृक्ष के पीछे निकल आया है। अपनी भूख से व्याकुल वीरावती ने शीघ्र ही दीपक को चन्द्रमा समझ अर्घ अर्पण कर अपने व्रत को तोड़ा। वीरावती ने जब भोजन करना प्रारम्भ किया तो उसे अशुभ संकेत मिलने लगे। पहले कौर में उसे बाल मिला, दुसरें में उसे छींक आई और तीसरे कौर में उसे अपने ससुराल वालों से निमंत्रण मिला। पहली बार अपने ससुराल पहुँचने के बाद उसने अपने पति के मृत शरीर को पाया।

अपने पति के मृत शरीर को देखकर वीरावती रोने लगी और करवा चौथ के व्रत के दौरान अपनी किसी भूल के लिए खुद को दोषी ठहराने लगी। वह विलाप करने लगी। उसका विलाप सुनकर देवी इन्द्राणी जो कि इन्द्र देवता की पत्नी है, वीरावती को सान्त्वना देने के लिए पहुँची।

वीरावती ने देवी इन्द्राणी से पूछा कि करवा चौथ के दिन ही उसके पति की मृत्यु क्यों हुई और अपने पति को जीवित करने की वह देवी इन्द्राणी से विनती करने लगी। वीरावती का दुःख देखकर देवी इन्द्राणी ने उससे कहा कि उसने चन्द्रमा को अर्घ अर्पण किये बिना ही व्रत को तोड़ा था जिसके कारण उसके पति की असामयिक मृत्यु हो गई। देवी इन्द्राणी ने वीरावती को करवा चौथ के व्रत के साथ-साथ पूरे साल में हर माह की चौथ को व्रत करने की सलाह दी और उसे आश्वासित किया कि ऐसा करने से उसका पति जीवित लौट आएगा।

इसके बाद वीरावती सभी धार्मिक कृत्यों और मासिक उपवास को पूरे विश्वास के साथ करती। अन्त में उन सभी व्रतों से मिले पुण्य के कारण वीरावती को उसका पति पुनः प्राप्त हो गया।



**Know about Karva Chauth

Monday, 31 August 2015

GK Questions on Janmashtami

Q1. Janmashtami is Related to to
Q2. In Dahi Handi tradition on Janmaashtami, the pot is filled with
Q3. The Dahi Handi tradition in which young men form human pyramids to reach a high-hanging pot of butter and break it is known as
Q4. Which is performed on Janmashtami ?
Q5. Janmashtami is observed in the month of
Q6. Janmashtami is not known as
Q7. The term Krishna in Sanskrit means
Q8. Which Nakshatra is ascendant on Janmashtami ?
Q9. Janmashtami is on which day of hindu month Shraavana ?
Q10. On Janmashtami, which Lord was born??

Questions and Answers on Krishna Janmashtami

Question1. Janmashtami is Related to 
Answer. Krishana

Question2. In Dahi Handi tradition on Janmaashtami, the pot is filled with
Answer. Buttermilk


Sunday, 23 August 2015

GK Questions on Raksha Bandhan

Q1. Who ties the Rakhi on this day ?
Q2. In which state of India, people perform the pooja and worship Lord Shiva on this day ?
Q3. In Nepal, Raksha Bandhan is known as 
Q4: This day is also celebrated as
Q5. Raksha Bandhan is a fastival of relationship between
Q6: In this festival the rakhi is tied to 
Q7. In western India, this day is celebrated as 
Q8. Who was the first hindu queen to tie a rakhi to muslim king ?
Q9. Which special food is eaten by Nepalese on this day ?
Q10: The festival falls in the month of 
Q11: All the domesticated Cows and Bullocks are decorated and worshipped on this day in Orissa. It is known as 
Q12. The festival falls on which season


Questions and Answers on Raksha Bandhan

Question1. Who ties the rakhi on this day ?
Answer: Sister

Question2. In which state of India, people perform the pooja and worship Lord Shiva on this day ?
Answer: Gujrat


Raksha Bandhan


Raksha Bandhan, (the bond of protection) or Rakhi is a Hindu festival primarily observed in India, Mauritius and Nepal, which celebrates the relationship between brothers (shaurya), cousins and sisters (shreya). It is also called Rakhi Purnima in most of India. It is also celebrated in some parts of Pakistan. The festival is observed by Hindus and Jains.
In fact, the popular practice of Raksha Bandhan has its historical associations also. The Rajput queens practised the custom of sending rakhi threads to neighbouring rulers as token of brotherhood. The central ceremony involves the tying of a rakhi (sacred thread) by a sister on her brother's wrist. This symbolizes the sister's love and prayers for her brother's well-being, and the brother's lifelong vow to protect her. The festival falls on the full moon day (Shravan Poornima) of the Shravan month of the Hindu lunisolar calendar. One Islamic Scholar believes that Raksha Bandhan grew in popularity after Rani Karnavati, the widowed queen of Chittor, sent a rakhi to the Mughal emperor Humayun when she required his help.