Wednesday, 28 October 2015

Ahoi Ashtami Puja Vidhi | Ahoi Ashtami Vrat Vidhi

Ahoi Ashtami fasting is done about 8 days before Diwali on Krishna Paksha Ashtami. According to Purnimant calendar followed in North India it falls during the month of Kartik and according to Amanta calendar followed in Gujarat, Maharashtra and other southern states it falls during the month of Ashwin. However it is only name of the month which differs and the fasting of Ahoi Ashtami is done on the same day.

The fasting and Puja on Ahoi Ashtami is dedicated to Mata Ahoi or Goddess Ahoi. She is worshipped by women for the well-being and long life of their children. This day is also known as Ahoi Aathe because fasting for Ahoi Ashtami is done during Ashtami Tithi which is the eighth day of the lunar month.

On Ahoi Ashtami mothers hold a fast from dawn to dusk for the well-being of their sons. Fast is broken during twilight after sighting stars in the sky. In some regions women break the fast after sighting the moon but it might be difficult to follow as the moon rises late in the night on the day of Ahoi Ashtami.

We are providing simple Puja Vidhi which is traditionally followed by women folks in India during the day of Ahoi Ashtami –
On the day of fasting, after taking morning bath women should take the pledge, which is called Sankalp, to keep the fast for the wellbeing of their children. It is also recited during Sankalp that the fasting would be without any food or the water and the fast would be broken after sighting the stars or the moon according to their family tradition.

Puja Preparation
During Sayankal i.e. before the sunset, Puja preparations should be done. Women should draw the image of Goddess Ahoi on the wall. Any image of Ahoi Mata used for the Puja should have Ashtha Koshthak (अष्ठ कोष्ठक) i.e. eight corners due to the festival being associated with Ashtami Tithi. Along with Goddess Ahoi the images of Sei (सेई) (i.e. hedgehog and its children) should also be drawn near to the Goddess. Sei is a spiny mammal from the legend of Ahoi Ashtami. If drawing image on the wall is not feasible then big Wallpaper of Ahoi Ashtami Puja can also be used. Most Puja calendars also depict seven sons and daughter-in-laws from the legend of Ahoi Ashtami.

After that the place of worship is sanctified with holy water and Alpana is drawn. After spreading wheat on the floor or on the wooden stool, one water-filled Kalash should be kept at the place of worship. The mouth of the Kalash should be covered with an earthen lid.

A small earthen pot preferably Karwa is kept on the top of the Kalash. Karwa is filled with the water and covered with its lid. The nozzle of the Karwa is blocked with the shoots of the grass. The commonly used shoot is known as Sarai Seenka (सरई सींक) which is a type of willow. The seven shoots of the grass is also offered to Ahoi Mata and Sei during Puja. The shoot of Sarai is sold during the festival especially in the small towns of India. If shoot of the grass is not available then cotton buds can be used.

The food items which are used in Puja include 8 Puri, 8 Pua and Halwa. These food items are given to some elderly lady in the family or the Brahmin after adding some money.

Ahoi Mata Puja
The best time to perform Puja is during Sandhya time just after sunset. During Puja Ahoi Mata is worshipped with all rituals.

Usually women perform Ahoi Ashtami Puja along with the other female members of the family. During Puja women narrate the story of Ahoi Mata. There are several versions of Ahoi Ashtami legend but most of them describe how female devotee of Ahoi Mata got blessed by seven sons even after getting cursed for accidently killing the offsprings of Sei. Sei is also worshipped along with Ahoi Mata and seven grass shoots along with Halwa is offered to Sei.

In some communities, for the occasion of Ahoi Ashtami, Ahoi of silver is also made. Silver Ahoi is known as Syau (स्याउ) and worshipped with Akshata, Roli and the milk during the Puja. Later it is worn in the neck as a pendant with the help of a thread along with two silver pearls.

Aarti of Ahoi Ashtami is performed at the end of the Puja.

Stars or Moon worship
Women either give Argha to the stars or the moon depending on the family tradition before breaking the fast. The time when the stars get visible in the sky and the time of moonrise on Ahoi Ashtami can be checked at Ahoi Ashtami Puja Timings.

Both Karwa and Kalash are used for giving Argha to the stars or the moon after the Puja. The water of big Kalash is used during the morning bath of Roop Chaudas which is also known as Narak Chaturdashi.

Association with Krishnashtami
Women who have difficulties in conceiving, have miscarriage or don't have a boy child also perform Puja on the day of Ahoi Ashtami.

In this context, the day of Ahoi Ashtami is known as Krishnashtami. This day is very significant for those couples who don't have any children. On the very same day couples take dip in the Radha Kunda at Mathura, perform Puja and make offering of the Kushmanda. Devotees from far-flung places throng to Radha Kunda to take a holy dip in the sacred pond during Arunodaya i.e. just before the sunrise.

Karwa Chauth Vrat Katha (Hindi)

बहुत समय पहले इन्द्रप्रस्थपुर के एक शहर में वेदशर्मा नाम का एक ब्राह्मण रहता था। वेदशर्मा का विवाह लीलावती से हुआ था जिससे उसके सात महान पुत्र और वीरावती नाम की एक गुणवान पुत्री थी। क्योंकि सात भाईयों की वह केवल एक अकेली बहन थी जिसके कारण वह अपने माता-पिता के साथ-साथ अपने भाईयों की भी लाड़ली थी।

जब वह विवाह के लायक हो गयी तब उसकी शादी एक उचित ब्राह्मण युवक से हुई। शादी के बाद वीरावती जब अपने माता-पिता के यहाँ थी तब उसने अपनी भाभियों के साथ पति की लम्बी आयु के लिए करवा चौथ का व्रत रखा। करवा चौथ के व्रत के दौरान वीरावती को भूख सहन नहीं हुई और कमजोरी के कारण वह मूर्छित होकर जमीन पर गिर गई।

सभी भाईयों से उनकी प्यारी बहन की दयनीय स्थिति सहन नहीं हो पा रही थी। वे जानते थे वीरावती जो कि एक पतिव्रता नारी है चन्द्रमा के दर्शन किये बिना भोजन ग्रहण नहीं करेगी चाहे उसके प्राण ही क्यों ना निकल जायें। सभी भाईयों ने मिलकर एक योजना बनाई जिससे उनकी बहन भोजन ग्रहण कर ले। उनमें से एक भाई कुछ दूर वट के वृक्ष पर हाथ में छलनी और दीपक लेकर चढ़ गया। जब वीरावती मूर्छित अवस्था से जागी तो उसके बाकी सभी भाईयों ने उससे कहा कि चन्द्रोदय हो गया है और उसे छत पर चन्द्रमा के दर्शन कराने ले आये। वीरावती ने कुछ दूर वट के वृक्ष पर छलनी के पीछे दीपक को देख विश्वास कर लिया कि चन्द्रमा वृक्ष के पीछे निकल आया है। अपनी भूख से व्याकुल वीरावती ने शीघ्र ही दीपक को चन्द्रमा समझ अर्घ अर्पण कर अपने व्रत को तोड़ा। वीरावती ने जब भोजन करना प्रारम्भ किया तो उसे अशुभ संकेत मिलने लगे। पहले कौर में उसे बाल मिला, दुसरें में उसे छींक आई और तीसरे कौर में उसे अपने ससुराल वालों से निमंत्रण मिला। पहली बार अपने ससुराल पहुँचने के बाद उसने अपने पति के मृत शरीर को पाया।

अपने पति के मृत शरीर को देखकर वीरावती रोने लगी और करवा चौथ के व्रत के दौरान अपनी किसी भूल के लिए खुद को दोषी ठहराने लगी। वह विलाप करने लगी। उसका विलाप सुनकर देवी इन्द्राणी जो कि इन्द्र देवता की पत्नी है, वीरावती को सान्त्वना देने के लिए पहुँची।

वीरावती ने देवी इन्द्राणी से पूछा कि करवा चौथ के दिन ही उसके पति की मृत्यु क्यों हुई और अपने पति को जीवित करने की वह देवी इन्द्राणी से विनती करने लगी। वीरावती का दुःख देखकर देवी इन्द्राणी ने उससे कहा कि उसने चन्द्रमा को अर्घ अर्पण किये बिना ही व्रत को तोड़ा था जिसके कारण उसके पति की असामयिक मृत्यु हो गई। देवी इन्द्राणी ने वीरावती को करवा चौथ के व्रत के साथ-साथ पूरे साल में हर माह की चौथ को व्रत करने की सलाह दी और उसे आश्वासित किया कि ऐसा करने से उसका पति जीवित लौट आएगा।

इसके बाद वीरावती सभी धार्मिक कृत्यों और मासिक उपवास को पूरे विश्वास के साथ करती। अन्त में उन सभी व्रतों से मिले पुण्य के कारण वीरावती को उसका पति पुनः प्राप्त हो गया।

**Know about Karva Chauth

Monday, 31 August 2015

GK Questions on Janmashtami

Q1. Janmashtami is Related to to
Q2. In Dahi Handi tradition on Janmaashtami, the pot is filled with
Q3. The Dahi Handi tradition in which young men form human pyramids to reach a high-hanging pot of butter and break it is known as
Q4. Which is performed on Janmashtami ?
Q5. Janmashtami is observed in the month of
Q6. Janmashtami is not known as
Q7. The term Krishna in Sanskrit means
Q8. Which Nakshatra is ascendant on Janmashtami ?
Q9. Janmashtami is on which day of hindu month Shraavana ?
Q10. On Janmashtami, which Lord was born??

Questions and Answers on Krishna Janmashtami

Question1. Janmashtami is Related to 
Answer. Krishana

Question2. In Dahi Handi tradition on Janmaashtami, the pot is filled with
Answer. Buttermilk

Sunday, 23 August 2015

GK Questions on Raksha Bandhan

Q1. Who ties the Rakhi on this day ?
Q2. In which state of India, people perform the pooja and worship Lord Shiva on this day ?
Q3. In Nepal, Raksha Bandhan is known as 
Q4: This day is also celebrated as
Q5. Raksha Bandhan is a fastival of relationship between
Q6: In this festival the rakhi is tied to 
Q7. In western India, this day is celebrated as 
Q8. Who was the first hindu queen to tie a rakhi to muslim king ?
Q9. Which special food is eaten by Nepalese on this day ?
Q10: The festival falls in the month of 
Q11: All the domesticated Cows and Bullocks are decorated and worshipped on this day in Orissa. It is known as 
Q12. The festival falls on which season

Questions and Answers on Raksha Bandhan

Question1. Who ties the rakhi on this day ?
Answer: Sister

Question2. In which state of India, people perform the pooja and worship Lord Shiva on this day ?
Answer: Gujrat

Raksha Bandhan

Raksha Bandhan, (the bond of protection) or Rakhi is a Hindu festival primarily observed in India, Mauritius and Nepal, which celebrates the relationship between brothers (shaurya), cousins and sisters (shreya). It is also called Rakhi Purnima in most of India. It is also celebrated in some parts of Pakistan. The festival is observed by Hindus and Jains.
In fact, the popular practice of Raksha Bandhan has its historical associations also. The Rajput queens practised the custom of sending rakhi threads to neighbouring rulers as token of brotherhood. The central ceremony involves the tying of a rakhi (sacred thread) by a sister on her brother's wrist. This symbolizes the sister's love and prayers for her brother's well-being, and the brother's lifelong vow to protect her. The festival falls on the full moon day (Shravan Poornima) of the Shravan month of the Hindu lunisolar calendar. One Islamic Scholar believes that Raksha Bandhan grew in popularity after Rani Karnavati, the widowed queen of Chittor, sent a rakhi to the Mughal emperor Humayun when she required his help. 

Thursday, 6 August 2015

Indian Independence Quiz 4

1) What is the number of states in India?
A) 29

2) Which is the first state to be formed on the basis of language?
A)Andhra Pradesh

3) When was Burma was separated from India?

4) When did India become a republic?

5) Which state was divided into Maharashtra and Gujarat in 1960?

6) Who was the Speaker of the Lok Sabha before he became the President of India?
A)N. Sanjeeva Reddy

7) What was the age of Morarji Desai when he became the Prime Minister?

8) How was Tamil Nadu known?

9) Which is the capital of Kerala?

10) Nagaland was separated from which state?

11) Which is the smallest state in terms of area?

12) Where is the tomb of Akbar?

13) Which is the national animal of India?

14) Which is the national flower of India?

15) Who founded Indian National Congress?
A)A. O. Hume

16) Which former Indian Prime Minister’s birthday is on December 25?
A)Atal Bihari Vajpayee

17) Which state was known as North East Frontier Agency?
A)Arunachal Pradesh

18) Which state or union territory has French as an official language?

19) Which is the official language of Jammu and Kashmir?

20) Which state became part of India in 1975?

21) Which city was the summer capital of India during British Rule?

22) Who was the only Indian Governor General?
A)C. Rajagopalachari

23) Which Prime Minister could not prove his majority in Lok Sabha in May 1996?
A)Atal Behari Vajpayee

24) Which of the following religions did not originate in India?

25) When did Rabindranath Tagore die?

More Independence Quiz:

1. Indian Independence Quiz 1

2. Indian Independence Quiz 2

3. Indian Independence Quiz 3

4. GK Questions on Indian Independence Day

Wednesday, 5 August 2015

GK Questions on India Independence Day

This is simple and easy Indian Independence Day Quiz with Answers. This is created for school students and children for the events of the Indian Independence day.

Independence Day of India is celebrated on 15th of August to commemorate the Indian independence from British Raj and its birth as a sovereign nation in 1947.
Indian Independence Day is celebrated as national holiday and all over the country flag-hoisting ceremonies take place. In the morning of the 15th August each year the Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at the Red Fort and addresses the nation live and pay tribute the freedom struggle.

Q: What do we celebrate every 15th August?
Q: From which country India got the Independence.
Q: How many years Britain ruled India?
Q: First organized militant movements for Indian Independence were in _________.
Q: Who created Indian National Army for Indian Independence?
Q: Who led Quit India movement?
Q: Until when India remained a Dominion of the Crown?
Q: When was the first uprising against the British East India Company’s rule?
Q: Who was Mangal Pandey?
Q: Who was last emperor of India?
Q: When and where Rani Laxmi Bai, queen of Jhanzi, was killed in fighting with British?
Q: When the Government of India Act was passed in India?
Q: Who first embrace Swaraj?
Q: When Partition of Bengal Happened?
Q: When Mahatmma Gandhi was born?
Q: What Mahatma Gandhi was doing in South Africa before coming to India?
Q: Who started Satyagraha?
Q: What is Satyagraha?
Q: Who gave Gandhi a title of Mahatma?
Q: Who is father of the Nation?
Q: Who is father of the Nation?
Q: When Gandhi Jayanti is Celebrated?
Q: Where Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place?
Q: When Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place?
Q: Who ordered Jallianwala Bagh massacre?
Q: When the first non-cooperation movement started in India?
Q: When the Salt March and civil disobedience started?
Q: Who started the Salt March and civil disobedience started?
Q: When the Quit India Movement was started?
Q: Who was Subhas Chandra Bose?
Q: Whose famous motto was: “Give me blood and I will give you freedom”?
Q: Who created Azad Hind Fauj?
Q: Who announced partition of India?
Q: Who was the Governor-General of India at the time of Independence?
Q: When India got the Independence?
Q: Who was the last Governor-General of India?
Q: When the Republic of India was officially proclaimed?
Q: Who was first President of India?
Q: Who was Bhagat Singh ?
Q: Who was Raja Ram Mohan Roy?